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Amanitaceae, Amanita muscaria, Fly Agaric

October 10, 2009

This spectacular mushroom is unmistakable with its distinct and legendary red cap with and dots. A. pantherina (Panther Cap) is similar but with a brownish-yellow head. Both species are common throughout areas of Europe, Asia and N. America.

Fly Agaric has a long and fascinating history, thought to be one of the oldest of all hallucinogens, first employed by nomadic peoples of Europe, Siberia, and N. American as far back as 10,000 years ago.

Siberian shamans typically consume the mushroom dry, or suspend it fresh in milk.

Since ibotenic acid is metabolized by the body to a more active muscimol and excreted in the urine, infused urine is hallucinogenic and will traditionally be recycled for its psychoactive properties up to five times.
100 g of fresh mushroom are lethal for most humans. 10 g of mucimol will induce dizziness and psychic excitation. 15 g will cause mental disorientation and hallucination. Hallucinations can be both pleasant and euphoric, or horrible and hellish. While some people dance and sing under the influences of Fly Agaric, others will exhibit seemingly uncontrollable tantrums, sometimes accompanied by feelings of nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, paralysis, seizures, mydriasis, and even coma and/or death.

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2 Comments leave one →
  1. December 27, 2011 10:08:51 pm

    We have many ancient old Betula pendula in our local area and invariably we get a circle of Fly Agaric underneath them in autumn. My husband told me that they were poisonous but I didn’t know that they were actually used for inducing trances. You learn something every day! Where I come from in Western Australia they have ancient Karri and Jarrah forests with magnificent tall trees and there is a procession of shroom hunters looking for the native Psilocybe that frustrates and amuses the local constabulary. Cheers for this information although I doubt I will be partaking of the delightful Fly Agaric any day soon…

  2. November 21, 2015 10:08:19 pm

    The science of Fly Agaric: http://www.bioamanita.com/#!blog/e886z

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