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Annonaceae, Annona muricata, soursop, guanabana

March 2, 2008

Soursop (English), Guanabana (Latin America), Durian Belanda (Malaya)

Guanabana is a relatively  small, fast growing, evergreen tree originally from tropical America, now present in tropical countries all around the world. The tree has a dense crown full of dark green, laurel-like leaves which have spicy sort of aroma when crushed. The tree has a high tolerance of alkaline soils and drought and is easily propagated from seed, it begin to produce fruit steadily within three years after planting. The blooms are typical of the Anonaceae family with three fleshy, triangular petals that abort once the flower is pollinated. Flowers have an unpleasant odor that attracts flies and other insects. The fruits vary in shape and size, but are generally always longer than they are wide, and are covered with protuberances, soft, green prickles about ¼ an inch long and curved, they can grown up to eight pounds, probably more, and have a very fragrant and delicate, thin, white, fleshy, edible pulp embedded with hard black oval seeds.

the Guanabana is eaten raw, in juices, ice creams and blended drinks. It is also used to flavor sweets and jellies. Various medicinal properties are attributed to the fruit, the leaf and the bark. The fruit pulp is rich in vitamins B and C, and in phosphorous, and contains up to 12% sugar. This is a species adapted to hot areas and cannot be grown successfully above 1,000 meters. The tree requires protection from winds and prefers acidic soils, deep and rich in organic matter, although it can adapt to all kinds of soils as long as they provide good drainage.

In South East Asia the leaves are known for their sleep inducing properties, a tea is brewed with them or they are simply placed under the pillow. The fruit pulp is used to treat fever, diarrhoea and scurvy. Green fruit and seeds of most Annona species are known for their insecticidal properties.

Anonaceae, Anona muricata, guanabana


Anonaceae, Anona muricata

20 Comments leave one →
  1. Gayle permalink
    November 22, 2008 10:08:13 pm

    In my experience, a Soursop is very different from a
    Durian. Are you sure this identification is correct?

    • April 19, 2010 10:08:03 pm

      Soursop/Guanabana and Durian are totally different fruits. I have eaten both, Guanabana inside is soft white flesh that you eat and many seeds. Durian is smelly, hard inside and out with chambers around the seed that have the yellow soft flesh that you eat and 4-6 very large seeds, one per chamber.

      • April 19, 2010 10:08:14 pm

        Yes, completely unrelated botanically, in terms of flavor, appearance, and geographical origin.

  2. February 19, 2009 10:08:35 pm

    hola mi nombre es lucio mendoza madrigal
    soy mexicano y soy productor de guanabana en gran escala
    algun interesado favor de cominicarse al cel. 3271030230

    • February 19, 2009 10:08:57 pm

      Por favor,

      Gracias por su interes en ese sitio, pero lamentablemente no es un sitio que existe para promoter negocio, aun que el tuyo sea un negocio que pertenece a fruta tropical. Estas libre de contribuir algo de informacion entre su sabiduria sobre Guanabana, y que dejes un tu pagina de web o qual quier informacion de contacto, pero por favor no uses el espacio como un billboard. Gracias,


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  4. Frank permalink
    July 18, 2010 10:08:16 am

    I was given some seeds from the soursop fruit. How should I plant & grow this tree?

    • Lisa permalink
      June 25, 2011 10:08:12 pm

      Frank, Did anyone ever respond on growing tips from the seeds? Do you know where someone can get a plant? I need to find a mature plant if possible. Thanks. Lisa

  5. February 3, 2011 10:08:21 pm

    nice information its usefulness and significance makes my head spin profession covered many of the basic right information is absolutely impressive good work keep it up

  6. Luis R. Andrino, permalink
    September 23, 2011 10:08:47 pm

    Vivo en Phoenix, AZ. tengo algunas semillas de Guanabana (Anona). ¿Por favor podría alguién decirme como sembrarlas ?

    I live in Phoenix, AZ. and I have a few Guanabana seeds. Could somebody tell me how to plant the seeds. Do I soak them first? Do I nip them? Do I soak them and nip them? Do I crack them and if so, how ? Do I plant them upwards or sideways?


    • September 23, 2011 10:08:09 pm

      Are they fresh? Guanabana seeds loose viability pretty quickly. If they’re fresh they are easy to germinate. Soak for 12 – 24 hrs. Then plant about 1/2 inch deep in well drained, fertile soil. Keep in the shade until they have fully germinated, then gradually move into increasingly sunny area. I will also point out that unless yo have a greenhouse, Guanabana won’t survive winters in Phoenix. It’s a strictly tropical tree.

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    • Luis Andrino permalink
      September 22, 2012 10:08:08 pm

      Will guanabana (guanaba, anona) grow in Phoenix, Arizona?

  8. May 14, 2013 10:08:58 am

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